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Orthotics - How They Help With Various Foot Complaints

Feet problems have time and again been the reason behind other body pains and aches. This is because the way the foot strikes the ground affects other body parts such as the knees, hips, and even the back. If even the slightest abnormality occurs, it can lead to problems, even if the foot itself does not hurt.

What Are Orthotics?

Foot orthotics are cushions that one slips in the shoes to correct any abnormality in the walking pattern. They are used to alter the way the foot strikes the ground, albeit in slight angles, which in turn aligns the whole body. Orthotics can be rigid, custom-made or off-the-shelf rubber insoles.

These insoles are used to solve several biomechanically inter-related issues such as the ankle, knees, pelvis, hips and spine problems. When the foot has even a slight misalignment, it can significantly change how the bones move at the joints.

How Orthotics Work

Foot orthotics tilts the foot slightly at an angle so as to align it. This controls any abnormality in the joints of the feet. Customized orthotics are made based on the specific foot impression so that it corrects your specific problems, the main one being pronation. These rubber-made rigid insoles are used to hold the heel and the mid foot in stable positions so as to better support body weight and propulsion.

Pronation is a condition in which the foot tilts outside at the heel which causes inward lower limb alignment in an effort to keep the body stable, which in turn flattens the arch. The feet ligaments are stressed since the muscles are overstrained when attempting to stabilize the foot.

By controlling this pronation, the FootActive orthotics prevents some serious complications that are associated with chronically unstable feet. Word of caution though; only use prescription orthotics. This is because if you use the wrong orthotics, you might aggravate the damage on your foot instead of fixing it.

How the Foot Affects Various Body Parts

The feet carry the weight of the entire body, and the walking style as well as the way we stand has a pronounced effect on how the other body parts feel. These feet biomechanics puts people into 3 broad categories; neutral, pronator or supinator.

Pronation means that the foot arch flattens when walking or standing. Supination means that the feet arches rise up which places pressure on the edges of the feet. Neutral feet mean that the arches and feet muscles are fine and they work properly when walking, standing or running.

For people with supination or pronation, the knee joints rotate outwards or inwards, which hinders correct movement. If the knees are not moving as they should, the hip joints are likely to be affected. When the hip joints fail to function as they should, it exerts pressure on the feet (especially ankles and heels), the knee joints as well as the back, causing discomfort, pain and a list of other problems.

Orthotic insoles are used to support the feet muscles in order to balance the feet and give the body a steady posture. This restored balance reduces the discomfort and pain, and allows you to walk normally without exerting pressure on the joints.

Ailments That Are Corrected By Orthotics

For years, orthotics insoles have been used as relief for a myriad of foot complaints. For starters, these prescription insoles have been effectively used to treat heel spurs and pain, plantar fasciitis, Achilles tendonitis, Morton’s neuroma and pain of the ball of the foot, bunions, corns and callous.

Orthotics are also used to treat all problem arising from feet conditions. For example, poor feet biomechanics strain the knees and the back. Therefore, when the feet function is restored, the strain in other body joints that is caused by pronation or supination is relieved. Most people who have experienced chronic back pains caused by poor foot biomechanics have experienced relief.


You may have a problem with your feet even if they do not hurt. If you experience even the slightest discomfort in the ankles, heels, knees, hips or back, you need to see a orthotic technician. Most of these conditions are easily put under control when found early enough to avoid escalation to chronic pain and immobility.

If your condition is already advanced, you might want to take a look at the wide range of orthotic solutions online. This is because a molded orthotic will address your problem with precision as opposed to something that just offers support. If you cannot afford the customized insoles, you can use over the counter option to help keep things easier until you afford a pair or custom orthotics.

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